Comparison of effectiveness of cyanoacrylate over conventional sutures in Implant stage II recovery procedure. A randomized controlled clinical study
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Aim Cyanoacrylates have been used in various areas of dentistry. With the growing interest in these tissue adhesives, our study aimed to compare the effectiveness of Isoamyl 2-Cyanoacryl with conventional silk sutures in Implant stage II recovery procedures.
Materials and methods Twenty systemically healthy patients requiring stage 2 Implant recovery following single posterior mandibular molar tooth implant placement were recruited in the single blinded randomized controlled clinical study. Group I comprised of 10 patients (flap approximated with Black silk sutures) and Group II (flap approximated with Isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate) comprised of 10 patients. Wound healing was assessed using Early wound Healing Index (EHS) at day 3 and day 7. Mann Whitney U test was used to assess the early wound healing index scores at day 3 and at day 7 between the groups. Visual analog scale values were also recorded at day 0 and at day 3 between the groups.
Results When comparing the rate of healing at day 3 between the groups there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.10) and when comparing the healing at day 7 between the groups the healing was significantly better in the cyanoacrylate group (P= 0.01). There was a significant difference in the VAS score at day 0 (P=0.001) and no statistically significant difference was noted at day 3 (P= 0.31) between the two groups.
Conclusion Cyanoacrylate had shown to aid in early soft tissue healing around dental implants than black silk sutures for implant stage 2 recovery procedures.
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