The effect of connective tissue graft and platelet rich fibrin around immediately placed dental implants in the esthetic zone: a randomized clinical trial


Submitted: 17 January 2021
Accepted: 22 March 2021
Published: 10 November 2021
Abstract Views: 677
pdf: 384
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Authors

  • A.H. Sharafuddin Faculty of Dentistry, Periodontology Department, Cairo University, Giza, Cairo, Egypt; Faculty of Dentistry, Queen Arwa University, Sana'a, Yemen. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4633-6381
  • S.S. Nasr Oral Medicine and Periodontology Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Fayoum University, El Fayoum, Egypt; Lecturer Oral Medicine and Periodontology Department, Faculty of Dentistry, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza, Cairo, Egypt.
  • A.R. Abd El-Rahman Periodontology Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Giza; Faculty of Dentistry, 6th October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA). Giza, Cairo, Egypt.
  • A.E. Elarab Faculty of Dentistry, Periodontology Department, Cairo University, Giza, Cairo, Egypt. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8028-3298

Aim Restoring of normal function after tooth extraction using immediate dental implants results in more patient satisfaction compared to delayed dental implants. Unfortunately following healing of the implant site, soft tissue profile could not be naturally restored. Therefore, soft tissue augmentation was introduced around immediate dental implants to achieve better esthetics. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of immediate augmentation of the implant site using CTG and L-PRF.

Materials and methods Twelve patients with single non-restorable teeth in the anterior/ premolar area were randomly assigned to either receiving immediate implant alone or immediate implant with CTG and L-PRF. The width of keratinized tissue (WKT), tissue biotype (TB), pink esthetic score (PES) and crestal bone level (CBL) were assessed before extraction (baseline), at 3 and 6 months after restoration.

Results Immediate implant with CTG and L- PRF showed a non-statistically significant difference on PES (p-value = 0.310) and a statistically significant difference on WKT (p-value = 0.162) and TB (p-value = 0.012).

Conclusion Augmenting the soft tissue profile with CTG and L=PRF showed: (1) Enhanced TB. 2) Increased WKT, 3) No effect was reported on the CBL.


Sharafuddin, A., Nasr, S., Abd El-Rahman, A., & Elarab, A. (2021). The effect of connective tissue graft and platelet rich fibrin around immediately placed dental implants in the esthetic zone: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Osseointegration, 14(1), 38–48. https://doi.org/10.23805/JO.2022.14.4

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