Obesity and dental implant treatment: a review


Submitted: 13 February 2018
Accepted: 24 May 2018
Published: 27 July 2018
Abstract views:
1185


pdf:
404
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

  • Lyly Sam Center of Excellence for Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
  • Siriporn Chattipakorn Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
  • Pathawee Khongkhunthian Center of Excellence for Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Aim Success of dental implants depends mainly on osseointegration between bone and titanium surface. Since osseointegration relies on balanced bone turnover, it can be assumed that any conditions that interfere with homeostasis of bone modelling/remodeling might be detrimental to survival of dental implants. Obesity has become a serious public health problem, and has been shown to be closely linked to a wide array of pathophysiologic consequences, including insulin resistance or pre-diabetes. Obese-insulin resistance or pre-diabetic condition is characterized by hyperinsulinemia with euglycemia. The impacts of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the success of dental implants and the factors to improve osseointegration in diabetic condition have been thoroughly investigated. Much evidence demonstrated that T2DM impaired the bone healing around dental implants, possibly due to hyperglycemic condition. However, the effect of obese-insulin resistant condition or pre-diabetes on survival of dental implants has not been investigated. This review aims to summarize the current findings of effect of obesity toward bone health and osseointegration of dental implants.
Conclusion The studies favor the relatively negative impact of diabetes on osseointegration, but more scientific studies are necessary.


Authorship & Conflicts of Interest

Obesity, Oral implantology

Sam, L., Chattipakorn, S., & Khongkhunthian, P. (2018). Obesity and dental implant treatment: a review. Journal of Osseointegration, 10(3), 95–102. https://doi.org/10.23805/jo.2018.10.03.05

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations