Journal of Osseointegration <h1>Journal of Osseointegration</h1> <p>The aim of the<strong> Journal of Osseointegration</strong> in the Implant Dentistry field is to publish high quality contemporary, timely, innovative, interesting and clinically relevant information that will be used for improvement of the care of our patients. The rapid growth of research and more application of advanced clinical procedures has led us to start this new journey, that we hope will be a journey of success. The objective of all the people involved in this project will be to present the data in an accurate, fair and unbiased way. Each paper will be given the close attention that it merits and only manuscripts with well designed projects, conducted in a manner that follows sound scientific principles will be accepted. Also the rapidity of the reviewing process will be a key goal, this will be ensured by a web based submission and colse supervision on the reviewing process. A concerted effort will be made to shorten the time between submission, correction, acceptance of the manuscript, online publication, and print publication. We aim also for a high standard of technical editing, which serves to ensure the consistency of the content style and the fact that the language should be as unambiguous and clear as possible. Manuscripts dealing with basic research, biomaterials, tissue engineering techniques, clinical research and technical innovations will be accepted. The help of all involved people will be of outstanding relevance in achieving this mission.<br><em>Access to the contents of the Journal of Osseointegration is open and free to all users: this is our small contribution to global exchange of knowledge. Users can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of our articles.</em></p> ©Ariesdue srl, Milan, Italy. Online version powered by PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Journal of Osseointegration 2036-4121 <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.</p> Enhancement of Osseointegration of the Hydroxyapatite implant by Low intensive Ultrasound wave (LIPUS) Irradiation <p>Aim The purpose of this study is to investigate the enhancement effect of osseointegration of low intensity ultrasound waving for reinforcement of bone- attachment of hydroxyapatite coating implant. <br>Materials and methods In this study, hydroxyapatite specimen were prepared, two kinds of experiments ( simulation test and animal experiment ) were performed. <br>Hydroxyapatite specimen were soaked in the simulated body fluid (SBF) as a simulation test, implanted rabbits iliac crest as in vivo test. After the irradiation of pulsed ultrasound wave for some planned time–periods, the surface of specimens were assessed and compared with non-ultrasound waving specimens ( control group ) by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscop (EDS) and X-ray diffraction.<br>Results SEM image and EDS showed that richer layer of bone-like hydroxyapatite covered specimens surfaces in ultrasound wave irradiation group as compared with control group. The measurement of mass of specimens also indicated the efficiency of ultrasound waves for hydroxyapatite formation. These results indicated low intensity ultrasound wave might promote the nucleation and crystallization of bone-like apatite on hydroxyapatite surfaces.<br>Conclusion This study suggested that the clinical application of ultrasound waving has a great potential for enhancement of osseointegration of hydroxyapatite dental implant through the activation of bone bonding mechanism on material surface.</p> M. Kobayashi Copyright (c) 2020 Ariesdue 2020-05-25 2020-05-25 12 1 10.23805/10.23805 /JO.2020.12.02.18 Temporomandibular joint arthritis: possible etiologic factors and arthritis classification. <p class="p1"><strong>Aim </strong>The aim of this paper was to classify the signs of the various types of arthritis that are related to the TMJ according to the etiologic factors.</p> <p class="p1">TMJ Arthritis classification is presented according to the levels of inflammation, in order to summarize current knowledge about the inflammatory theory, with emphasis on recent research on pathophysiology and radiographic differential diagnosis of TMJ arthritis types: Osteoarthritis (low- inflammatory arthritic condition), results from increased pressure on a particular joint or fragility of the cartilage matrix and represents a destructive process by which the bony articular surfaces of the condyle and fossa become altered.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>Osteoarthrosis (non-inflammatory arthritic condition) is an adaptive stage, involving morphologic changes of the articular structures, not associated with significant alterations in the mechanical joint function. Altered articular surfaces of the TMJ may be considered as normal adaptive responses to increased loading, rather than pathological degenerative changes.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>Polyarthritis or polyarticular arthritis (high–inflammatory arthritic conditions), present similar symptoms and clinical findings as osteoarthritis but have different causes. The classic type of high-inflammatory arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>Conclusion </strong>The clinician must be aware of the various systemic conditions that may affect the TMJ and the stomatognathic system as a whole. In this way the proposed dental treatment plan can and should be adjusted to the needs of the patient taking under consideration the manifestations of the disease in the stomatognathic system.</p> M. N. Armaou I. Roussou S. Kourtis D. Kalyvas M. Mastoris M. Lambropoulou N. E. Papadopoulos Copyright (c) 2020 Ariesdue 2020-05-04 2020-05-04 12 1 10.23805/JO.2020.12.02.17 Are dental implants the first option in case of severely compromised teeth associated with radicular cyst? A critical case report <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Background </strong>Nowadays, dental implants are frequently used to replace teeth judged as hopeless, even if other treatments should be primarily considered to save them. The reason lies in the fact that extracting a tooth and placing an implant is erroneously considered by many to be easier, faster, and more predictable. This trend of reduced willingness to save compromised teeth is strengthened by the concomitant presence of periapical tooth pathologies, such as radicular cyst. In such cases, affected teeth are condemned prematurely in favour of implant rehabilitations.<br> This case report aims to illustrate a case where compromised teeth were maintained following the enucleation of a radicular cyst, </span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Case report </strong>After enucleation of the radicular cyst,<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>retrograde endodontic treatment of the affected teeth was performed. The residual bone defect was then treated with guided bone regeneration to assist and promote healing and improve the prognosis of adjacent teeth. </span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Conclusion </strong>The technique proved to be effective and, most importantly, biologically friendly.</span></p> C. Maiorana P. P. Poli F. Signorino L. Runza M. Beretta Copyright (c) 2020 Ariesdue 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 12 1 10.23805/JO.2020.12.02.16 Treatment options in cementoblastoma <p class="p1"><strong>Background</strong> Cementoblastoma is a benign neoplasia characterized by the formation of cementum-like tissue that connects to the root of a tooth. Various therapeutic approaches have been described in the literature, the most widely used being surgical enucleation of the lesion associated with extraction of the attached tooth. Some authors propose enucleation of the cementoblastoma with attached tooth preservation.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>Case report </strong>This case report describes a 32-year-old Caucasian female with two symmetrical mandibular growths, the largest of which was surgically removed together with the attached tooth, while the other was preserved and steadily monitored. After 15 years of follow-up, no recurrence was observed in the surgical site. The preserved lesion maintained the same dimension and radiographic appearance, although after 3 years the attached tooth required endodontic treatment. With continuous monitoring being the primary prerequisite for this therapeutic choice, preservation of the lesion meant that the patient was able to avoid invasive surgical procedures.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>Conclusion</strong> Our results agree with the theory which describes cementoblastoma as a self-limiting lesion. However, its monitoring is crucial whatever the therapeutic choice might be.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> B. D'Orto A. Busa G. Scavella C. Moreschi P. Capparè R. Vinci Copyright (c) 2020 Ariesdue Srl 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 12 1 10.23805/JO.2020.12.02.15