Post-extraction application of beta-tricalcium phosphate in alveolar socket

  • M. Muñoz-Corcuera | info@ariesdue.it Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, School of Dentistry, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain, Spain.
  • A. Bascones-Martínez Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, School of Dentistry, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain Professor at Dental School, Spain.
  • J. Ripollés-de Ramón Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, School of Dentistry, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain, Spain.

Abstract

Aim The objective of this study was to assess the capacity of beta-tricalcium phosphate to facilitate bone formation in the socket and prevent post-extraction alveolar resorption.

Materials and methods After premolar extraction in 16 patients, the sockets were filled with beta-tricalcium phosphate. Six months later, during the implant placement surgery, a trephine was used to harvest the bone samples which were processed for histological and histomorphometrical analyses. Data were gathered on patient, clinical, histological and histomorphometric variables at the extraction and implant placement sessions, using data collection forms and pathological reports.  

Results Clinical outcomes were satisfactory, the biomaterial was radio-opaque on X-ray. Histological study showed: partial filling with alveolar bone of appropriate maturation and mineralization for the healing time, osteoblastic activity and bone lacunae containing osteocytes. The biomaterial was not completely resorbed at six months.

Conclusion Beta-tricalcium phosphate is a material capable of achieving preservation of the alveolar bone when it is positioned in the immediate post-extraction socket followed by suture; it also helps the formation of new bone in the socket. Further studies are needed comparing this technique with other available biomaterials, with growth factors and with sites where no alveolar preservation techniques are performed.

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Published
2015-03-30
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Keywords:
Bone graft, Calcium phosphate, Dental implant, Post-extraction alveolar socket.
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How to Cite
Muñoz-Corcuera, M., Bascones-Martínez, A., & Ripollés-de Ramón, J. (2015). Post-extraction application of beta-tricalcium phosphate in alveolar socket. Journal of Osseointegration, 7(1), 8-14. https://doi.org/10.23805/jo.2015.07.01.02